Archive for the ‘pet disease’ Category

Feline Gum and Mouth Disease: Lymphocytic Plasmacytic Gingivits Stomatitis

Because few pet owners care for their pets teeth as well as they take care of their own, low grade gingivitis and periodontitis after 3 years of age, is a very common disease in both dogs and cats.  For the most part, daily home dental care care and an annual dental prophylaxis can control such problems.   However there is a much more serious gum and mouth disease of cats known as “Lymphocytic plasmatcytic gingivitis stomatitis (LPGS)” which is difficult to treat and often results in full mouth extractions.    Before I tell you more about this disease, let us define a few words: Gingivitis refers to inflammation of the gums;  Somatitis refers to inflammation of the mouth as a whole:   Periodontitis refers a progressive inflammation disease of the gums where the bone surrounding the teeth starts to recede.

The exact cause of LPGS is unknown but it is most likely a combination of multiple factors which together create chronic inflammation that eventually results in an auto immune disease.   One theory is that some cats are hypersensitive to bacterial plaque which causes the immune system to over react and mount an extreme inflammatory response that drives a large numbers of white cells, mainly lymphocytes and plasma cells, into the oral tissue.   Other theories implicate feline leukemia, feline immune deficiency virus, and a bacteria known as Bartonella.   Environmental stressors that weaken the cat’s immune system must also be considered to play a part in the disease process.   It has also been proposed that there may be a genetic breed predilection.

As LPGS progresses the major symptoms displayed are results of gum and mouth pain.   Cats have difficulty eating and may even stop eating entirely.   Often cats will approach their food dish as if interested in eating but then run from the food because eating is painful.   Other cats may be fearful of having their face touched.    Owners may notice that their cat will drool excessively and that the saliva may be blood tinged.  Still other cats may paw at their mouth.   Some cats stop eating their dry food because it is too painful but may eat canned food if offered.   Owners often misinterpret this behavior and attribute it to the cat being finicky.   Sometimes the gum pain will cause cats to become reclusive, irritable, or aggressive.   Cats with LPGS often have bad breath.

Confirming the tentative diagnosis of LPGS is performed under light anesthesia after a careful oral exam has been completed.   The exam normally shows extremely red swollen gums and gum tissue that bleeds easily when touched.   The gums are the most frequent oral tissue involved. However, other areas of the mouth may also be inflamed such as the roof of the mouth, the tissue surrounding the tonsils and the lips.  Gum recession and periodontitis are often noted.  It should be realized that there are other conditions such as cancer and “eosinophilic granuloma complex” that resemble LPGS because they produce inflammation and swelling of the mouth and gums, however the treatment protocol is quite different. Consequently a surgical biopsy of the oral tissue involved should be performed and the sample sent out to a pathologist for  histopathology.   Dental x-rays should also be taken to rule out other dental diseases such as retained root tips and cavities which are known as “neck lesions” because they occur at the neck of the tooth, just at or under the gum margin.

Once the diagnosis of LPGS is confirmed the question of how to treat the disease remains.   The primary therapeutic approach is to find ways to reduce the inflammation in the cat’s mouth.  If sensitivity to dental plaque is thought to be the cause then a thorough cleaning of the cat’s teeth including the pockets under the cat’s gums should be performed at least three times yearly.  Home dental care by owners is just as important as the professional teeth cleaning and should be performed on a daily basis.   Unfortunately, many cats with this disease have mouths that are so sore that brushing is impossible so dental antibacterial rinses may be all that can be done.   The problem is that even with frequent professional cleanings and conscientious home care the disease may not be alleviated.   Ongoing oral anti-microbial therapy in conjunction with anti-inflammatory steroid therapy may help at first, but many cats become unresponsive to such therapy.   When all else fails extraction of all the cats teeth may be necessary to give relief from this chronically painful condition and allow the pet to eat and live a comfortable life.   Cats that undergo this procedure will recover quite quickly and go on to eating canned cat food without a problem after the gums have healed.    A few cats may need periodic injections of anti inflammatory medication to deal with flare ups even after full mouth dental extractions.   In such cases long acting steroids have been the only solution available to veterinarians who practice only conventional medicine.  On the other hand holistic veterinarians will attempt to manage the disease with a more natural approach that includes laser therapy, herbal anti inflammatory, natural hydrocortisone therapy, Vitamin C, Coenzyme Q 10, DMSO and even low dose cytokine therapy.  Monolauren therapy may be used in place of antibiotics.

No doubt management of this disease is very challenging for both the conventional and holistic veterinarian and clients need to realize that their cat may be facing a life time of more frequent veterinary visit and home therapy. Anything a cat owner can do to be proactive and maintain the oral health of their pet will pay huge benefits in providing their special friend with a longer carefree life.

To learn more about alternative and holistic health care for pets visit        www. doc4pets.com

 

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Woodside Animal Clinic is a unique, very personal,  one doctor practice where, for over 35 years, Dr. Simon has been healing dogs, cats, birds, rabbits, rodents, and reptiles with both conventional and alternative medicine.  Dr. Simon is certified in Acupuncture, Chiropractic and Stem cell therapy.  He is the author  of 4 pet care books, a past president of the Oakland County Veterinary Medical Association and a regular contributor to Natural Awakenings magazine.   Visit us at Doc4pets.com

Woodside Animal Clinic sees pets from all over Michigan but primarily from the greater Detroit  area  including Wayne, Oakland, Macomb, Washtenaw, and Livingston counties.   Cities in these counties including Royal Oak, Berkley, Huntington Woods, Ferndale, Pleasant Ridge, Detroit, Redford, Livonia, Hazel Park, Madison Heights, Warren, Centerline, Clawson,  Troy, Sterling Heights, Southfield, Birmingham, Lathrup Village, Bingham Farms, Franklin, Beverly Hills, Farmington, Farmington Hills, Novi, Wixom, Brighton, Livonia, Plymouth, Commerce, Ann Arbor, Ortonville, Waterford, Clarkston, Union Lake,  Rochester,  Rochester Hills, Auburn Hills, Utica,  Grosse Pointe Farms, Grosse Pointe,  Romeo,  Flint, Hartland,  Lansing, Okemos, Flint, Howell,  Brighton, White Lake, Romeo, Saline, South Lyon, Windsor Canada, Toledo Ohio

 

 

Holistic Prevention & Treatment of Kidney Disease in Dogs and Cats: Kidney Failure

It is hard for any owner that loves their dog or cat to become comfortable with the fact that these pets age so much more rapidly than we do. This accelerated aging is even more obvious in the larger breeds of dogs that begin to reach their geriatric years between 8 and 10 years of age. A pet’s kidneys are often the weakest link in the aging process and all to frequently the cause of old age death. Things that pet owners can do to support their pet’s ailing kidneys are as follows:

Feed a higher fiber, low protein, high quality protein diet prescription kidney diet available from all veterinarians– or — feed a home made kidney diet by following a receipe that we make available to our patients. The diet will decrease the formation of waste protein toxins, discourage obesity and reduce the work load of the kidney.  The home made kidney diet can be fed either raw  or cooked.

Encourage your dog or cat to drink more by providing lots of fresh water throughout the day. Doing this will promote proper hydration while at the same time flush the kidney and reduce accumulating protein derived toxins. Adding Celtic sea salt to the pet’s food will encourgage drinking, provide trace minerals he or she are likely to be deficient in, and alkalinize the animal’s body. Checking the pet’s blood pressure is recommended, especially when adding salt to the diet, to help detect hypertension often caused by kidney failure. Make sure your dog or cat receives a regular dental prophylaxis to reduce oral bacteria which are injurious to the animals kidneys, liver, and heart. Daily  home dental care is essential for over all good health but particularly important for avoiding progressive kidney damage.

Supplement your dog or cat’s diet with anti-oxidants, systemic enzymes, vitamins, minerals, and glandulars to reduce kidney tissue injury by free radicals and to stimulate natural immunity. Omega 3 fatty acids, Coenzyme Q10 and alpha lipoic acid are 3 important supplements that promotes kidney health.  Systemic enzymes have been shown to reduce scar tissue in the  kidneys of aging dogs and cats.  Homeopathics remedies that can be placed in the pet’s drinking water help promote kidney health  and are easy to administer.   Of course it is better to begin these supplements early on in life before the kidneys have received significant damage and symptoms become apparent. Strategically detoxifying the body with special homotoxicologic and nutritional formulas is an important adjunct to avoiding or treating  kidney disease and most any other disease in the body. Starting these same supplements after kidney damage or kidney failure has been detected will help conserve the remaining kidney cells but will not restore the cells that have died.

Have your veterinarian perform semi annual blood and urine testing to monitor your dog or cat’s  kidney function and to provide an early warning system for the development of other degenerative disease.  Recently a new urine test, the “ERD”  micro albuminuria test, has become available. The ERD test requires only a small amount of urine and can detect evidence of kidney disease much earlier than blood tests and a standard urinalysis.  Any dog or cat over the age of 6 years old should be routinely tested with an ERD test because not only does it detect kidney disease but it is also a screen for inflammatory disease of many other organs.

Acupuncture and chinese herbs like Rehmania have been quite helpful in supporting kidney function.    Electro acupuncture  or laser acupuncture can be performed without needles at the veterinary clinic while  acupressure using the same acupuncture points can be performed at home by the pet’s guardian.     Recent scientific literature out of Europe has shown infrared laser therapy to provide beneficial effects in both kidney and liver disease.  Pulsed magnetic therapy is totally painless and will help restore voltage to damaged kidney cells.    Electro crystal rebalancing (ECR)  is a therapy that broadcast energetic frequency of the chakras to rebalance the body’s energy.    The ECR device  can also be used energize subcutaneous fluids that are commonly sent home with kidney patient to help maintain hydration.   Frequency specific micro current therapy is  a relatively new form of therapy that can be applied over the kidney area and is totally painless and easy to perform.    Infrasonic therapy is another painless therapy that uses a combination of sound and light frequencies to restore cellular function to the kidneys.   Routine chiropractic care can help support kidney health by better establishing nerve conduction to the kidneys. Finally, ozonation of subcutaneous fluid will oxygenate and alkalinize the body and restore voltage to damaged, failing kidney cells.

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Woodside Animal Clinic is a unique, very personal, one doctor practice where, for over 35 years, Dr. Simon has been healing dogs, cats, birds, rabbits, rodents, and reptiles with both conventional and alternative medicine. Dr. Simon is certified in Acupuncture, Chiropractic and Stem cell therapy. He is the author of 4 pet care books, a past president of the Oakland County Veterinary Medical Association and a regular contributor to Natural Awakenings magazine

Woodside Animal Clinic sees pets from all over Michigan but primarily from the greater Detroit area including Wayne, Oakland, Macomb, Livingston and Washtenaw counties. Cities in these counties include  Royal Oak, Berkley, Huntington Woods, Ferndale, Pleasant Ridge, Detroit, Redford, Livonia, Hazel Park, Madison Heights, Warren, Centerline, Clawson, Troy, Sterling Heights, Southfield, Birmingham, Lathrup Village, Bingham Farms, Franklin, Farmington, Farmington Hills, Novi, Wixom, Brighton, Livonia, Plymouth, Commerce, Ann Arbor, Ortonville, Waterford, Union Lake, Rochester, Rochester Hills, Auburn Hills, Utica, Grosse Pointe, Romeo and Flint, Hartland, Lansing, Okemos, Flint, Howell, Brighton, White Lake, Romeo, Saline, South Lyon, Windsor Canada, Toledo Ohio